Nainital District, Uttarakhand
Nainital is a popular hill station located in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is situated at an altitude of 2,084 meters above sea level, surrounded by beautiful mountains, and is known for its picturesque beauty, serene atmosphere, and pleasant weather. The history of Nainital dates back to the British era when it was discovered as a holiday destination by the Britishers.
The name Nainital is derived from the Naini Lake, which is the main attraction of the town. According to legend, the lake is one of the 64 Shakti Peeths in Hindu mythology, where the eyes of Sati (the wife of Lord Shiva) fell when her body was being carried by Lord Shiva. The lake is also believed to be the Tri-Rishi-Sarovar, a place where three sages – Atri, Pulastya, and Pulaha, meditated.
During the British era, Nainital served as a summer retreat for the British officers who were posted in India. The Britishers were attracted to the scenic beauty and the pleasant climate of the place and started developing it as a holiday destination. They constructed many colonial buildings and bungalows, which are still present in the town and add to its charm.
One of the major attractions of Nainital is the Naini Lake, which is a natural freshwater lake surrounded by hills. It is a popular spot for boating and picnics. The town is also known for its beautiful landscapes, trekking trails, and scenic viewpoints. Some of the popular places to visit in Nainital are the Naina Devi Temple, Eco Cave Gardens, Tiffin Top, Snow View Point, and Nainital Zoo.
Nainital is also known for its vibrant culture and festivals. The annual Nanda Devi Fair is a major attraction and draws a large number of tourists every year. The fair is celebrated in the month of September and is dedicated to the goddess Nanda Devi. Another major festival celebrated in Nainital is the Phool Dei, which marks the beginning of the agricultural season.
In conclusion, Nainital is a beautiful hill station with a rich history and culture. Its scenic beauty, pleasant climate, and cultural attractions make it a popular tourist destination in India.